In "The Free Energy Secrets of Cold Electricity," I share this year odyssey and the knowledge that has evolved along the way. Edwin Gray discovered that the. The objective of this work is to study the free energy permanent magnet motor, where the natural repulsion or the attraction characteristic of magnet poles creates a perpetual motion which can be harnessed by the magnet motor. In the present work, a magnetic motor employing two. Issue dateth June FREE-ENERGY: NIKOLA TESLA SECRETS FOR EVERYBODY by Vladimir Utkin [email protected] FIRST SECRET All of Tesla's secrets are.
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I am just an ordinary person who became interested in “free-energy” as a result . information, and more especially, to prevent free-energy devices reaching the . Encyclopedia of free energy now on CD click for more information http://geoffegel hohounsmolathe.cf (3 sur 3)19/09/ Envoyer la requête. perception of electric energy but at the same time there is a misconception of free energy (Nieper Hans hohounsmolathe.cf).Energy . ppdf by M Grover
Under this formalism, for an organism to resist dissipation and persist as an adaptive system that is part of, coupled with, and yet statistically independent from, the larger system in which it is embedded, it must embody a probabilistic model of the statistical interdependencies and regularities of its environment.
We elaborate on this next. Living systems, ergodicity, and phenotypes All biological systems exhibit a specific form of self-organisation, which has been sculpted by natural selection to allow them to actively maintain their integrity by revisiting characteristic states within well-defined bounds of their conceivable phase spaces see Box 1.
In other words, there is a high probability that an organism will occupy a relatively small, bounded set of states—its viability set  —within the total set of possible states that it might occupy i.
In terms of information theory, this means that the probability density function that describes the possible states of the system has low entropy. So, how do living systems perform this feat? This is simpler than it might seem, and rests on the fact that all living systems revisit a bounded set of states repeatedly i. At every scale—from the oscillations of neuronal activity over milliseconds, through to the pulsations of our heart and our daily routines—we find ourselves in similar states of mind and body.
This is the remarkable fact about living systems. All other self-organising systems, from snowflakes to solar systems, follow an inevitable and irreversible path to disorder. Conversely, biological systems are characterised by a random dynamical attractor—a set of attracting states that are frequently revisited.
Indeed, the characteristics by which we define living systems are simply statements about the characteristic, attracting states in which we find them . This set of attracting states can be interpreted as the extended phenotype of the organism—its morphology, physiology, behavioural patterns, cultural patterns, and designer environments .
This conception of the extended phenotype as the set of attracting states of a coupled dynamical system is supported by evidence from simulation studies of morphogenesis, e.
Further supportive evidence comes from studies of cancer genesis and progression, where the success of approaches employing endogenous networks provides a striking example of employing statistical methods the Markov blanket formalism to separate internal phenotypical states from external ones . This conception of the topology of the phase space is supported by recent work on early myelopoiesis in real biological systems as well .
In this study, the core molecular endogenous network under consideration was cast as a set of dynamical equations, yielding structurally robust states that can be interpreted in relation to known cellular phenotypes.
The implications of this are profound. It means that all biotic agents move, systematically, towards attracting states i. Consequently, any living system will appear, on average, to move up the probability gradients that define its attracting set—and the very characteristics responsible for its existence.
Thus, living systems do not just destroy energy gradients by gravitating towards free energy minima , they also create and maintain them by climbing the probability gradients that surround such extrema. In other words, living systems carve out and inhabit minima in free energy landscapes, precluding the dissipation of their states over phase space.
This nonequilibrium steady-state behaviour differentiates living states from other states, like decay and death  ,  ,  , . Technically, this gradient-building behaviour can be expressed as the flow over a landscape that corresponds to the log probability of any state being occupied. This means living systems are effectively self-evidencing—they move to maximise the evidence of their existence .
So how do they achieve this? This is where the FEP comes in. It asserts that all biological systems maintain their integrity by actively reducing the disorder or dispersion i. Because the repertoire of functional or adaptive states occupied by an organism is limited, the probability distribution over these characteristic states has low entropy: there is a high probability the organism will revisit a small number of states.
Thus, an organism's distal imperative of survival and maintaining functional states within physiological bounds i. Although surprise itself cannot be evaluated, since free energy imposes an upper bound on surprise, biological systems can minimise surprise by minimising their variational free energy. In Mr. In theory, it would only be necessary to charge up the high voltage capacitor just once and then a lossless circuit would maintain the oscillations indefinitely without needing any further power input.
In reality, there are some losses and so some additional power input is needed. Almost no energy is needed in order to create and maintain such a "bait" The next step is to move to this "bait" to one side of the circuit, close to the source of the charges which is the Ground. At this small separation, breakdown occurs and the inherent parasitic capacitance of the circuit will be instantly recharged with energy flowing into the circuit from outside.
At the ends of the circuit there will be a voltage difference, and so there will be spurious oscillations. The direction of this electromagnetic field is perpendicular to the original field of the "bait" and so it does not destroy it. This effect is due to the fact that the coil consists of two opposing halves. The process is repeated spark by spark for every spark which occurs.
Consequently, the more often sparks occur, the greater the efficiency of the process will be. The energy in the "bait" experiences almost no dissipation, providing a much greater power output than the power needed to keep the device operating.
The bird is safe on the wire until a spark occurs. Peter Lindemann for greater clarification in his book. You have to use an alternating E-field, in order to charge the capacitor.
But, Smith marked the North and South poles in his drawing. I think that this is true for only one instant. Diodes are not shown in his drawings, which indicates that his device as shown, is to my mind not complete. Two diodes are underneath the acrylic sheet??? A Leiden Jar is located on the left??? The central electrode in the jars capacitors is for the excitation of ambient space; the two external cylinders are the plates of the charging capacitors.
For more details read the section on asymmetrical capacitors. Effectiveness depends on voltage and coil frequency, and current in the node. Effectiveness depends also on the frequency at which the excitation spark occurs. An ordinary piece of wire can be used in some versions of this gadget, see below…. Possible alternative arrangement: We can look at the Tesla coil as a piece of metal.
Every piece of metal can be charged. If Tesla coil is grounded, it has an extra charge delivered from the ground, and has an extra energy also. But, it can be find out only in electrostatics interactions, not in electromagnetic one. This diagram shows only one instant, after half a cycle, the polarities will be swapped over. How can we use this fact? We have to arrange an electrostatic interaction: Extra capacitors can be used for charging them.
Maybe, he used this technology. This can be used in charge pump technology for excitation by an alternating electrical field, read the section on the charge pump or charge funnel.
The wiring can be different to that shown above. Between sparks: There is no current in the step-down transformer and so the two ends of L2 are at the same voltage. During a spark: Parasitic capacitors not shown connected across both sections of L2 are discharged to ground, and current is produced in the step-down transformer. One end of L2 is at ground potential. But, the magnetic field of this current in L2 is perpendicular to the resonating field and so has no influence on it.
As a result of this, you have power in the load, but the resonance is not destroyed. In my opinion, these schematics have errors in the excitation section.
Find those errors. Excitation by a single spark is possible. In the terminology of Mr. The charges are coming from the Ground which is the source of the energy. There are more secrets in the following parts. All of the coils are arranged in special manner.
The primary coil is placed in the middle of the core. The secondary coil is in two parts which are positioned at the ends of the rod. All of the coils are wound in the same direction. The electromagnetic fields produced by the resonant excitation current and the load current are perpendicular to each other: So, although you have power in the load, resonance is not destroyed by that output power.
The load must be chosen so as to get the maximum amount of power flowing into it. Very low loads and very high loads will both have close to zero energy flowing in them. The secondary coil is shunting the primary coil, and so it has a current flowing in it even if no loads are connected.
The secondary coil can be adjusted for resonance too. It is very much like Version 1, but here, the two coils are combined into a single coil. You decide how you think it was made. An ordinary excitation winding is wound all of the way around a toroidal core.
A bi-filar output winding is wound around the whole of a toroidal core. In other words, If the L-C circuit is excited by charges, we have energy amplification. You need to understand that a feedback loop in the electromagnetic field is a changing voltage level in the L-C circuit capacitor, a high-voltage transformer is connected to collect the excess energy.
It appears that we need to charge the capacitor circuit to an energy level which is greater than that of the source energy itself. At first glance, this appears to be an impossible task, but the problem is actually solved quite simply. The charging system is screened, or "blinded", to use the terminology of Mr. To accomplish this, one end of a capacitor is connected to the ground and the other end is connected to the high-energy coil, the second end of which is free.
After connecting to this higher energy level from the energising coil, electrons from the ground can charge a capacitor to a very high level. In this case, the charging system does not "see" what charge is already in a capacitor.
Each pulse is treated as if it were the first pulse ever generated. Thus, the capacitor can reach a higher energy level than of the source itself.
After the accumulation of the energy, it is discharged to the load through the discharge spark gap. After that, the process is repeated again and again indefinitely The frequency of the excitation sparks, must match the resonant frequency of the output coil. This is multi-spark excitation. Charges are pumping from the ground to circuit, this device extracts charge from ambient space.
Because of this, it will not work properly without a ground connection. The L1 Tesla coil shown above, is energised by spark f1. Resonant, step-down transformer L2 is connected to the L1 Tesla coil by output spark f2. The frequency of f1 is much higher than that of f2.
It must be adjusted by dimensions, materials??? There is an electrical field only inside the capacitor. The electrical field outside the capacitor is zero because the fields cancel each other. So far, connecting one plate to the ground we will get no current flowing in this circuit: The total charge on a separated capacitor is NOT zero read the textbooks. So far, by connecting one plate of the separated capacitor to the ground we will get a current flowing in this circuit because there is an external field.
We get the same situation, if only one plate of an ordinary capacitor is charged. So far, connecting an uncharged plate of an ordinary capacitor to the ground we get a current flowing in this circuit also because there is an external field. The principle: Each plate of a capacitor charges as a separated capacitor. Charging takes place in an alternating fashion, first one plate and then the other plate. The result: The capacitor is charged to a voltage which is greater than that which the charging system delivers.
The external field of an ordinary charged capacitor is equal to or near zero, as noted above. Once a plate has been charged, begin to charge another plate. The charging system cannot "see" the field inside the capacitor once again and the process repeats again several times, raising the voltage until the spark gap connected to the output load discharges it.
You will recall that an ordinary capacitor is a device for charge separation.
The charging process of a capacitor causes electrons from on one plate to be "pumped" to another plate. After that, there is an excess of electrons on one plate, while the other one has deficit, and that creates a potential difference between them read the textbooks. The total amount of charge inside the capacitor does not change.
Thus the task of the charging system is to move charge temporarily from one plate to another. The simplest Free-Energy device??? The time between S1 and S2 is very short.
This is an illustration of energy-dependence in a coordinated system. This is an illustration of the so-called Zero-Point Energy. The capacitance size of the plate on the right is much greater than that of the plate on the left. It takes more charges flowing from the ground to annihilate the external field at the instant of the second spark, because the capacitance of the plate on the right is far greater. Apart from the fact that the area capacitance of the plates of these capacitors is different, and they therefore are asymmetrical, they have another property: The electrostatic field of the external electrode of these devices does not affect the internal electrode.
This is caused by the fact that the electrostatic field is absent inside the metal bodies see textbooks. This is true provided that the plates are charged separately. Harold Aspden has pointed out the possibility of Energy Amplification when using this device. You have to get zero potential on the inside of a small cylinder on the input electrode. In this case, the charge on the external cylinder will be more than on the internal cylinder.
In detail: A larger radius means more charge. Charge the input electrode from your source of energy. Discharge the input electrode to zero level for example, by using a spark. As a result there will be a zero potential on it. If the external cylinder is connected to the ground through a diode with the properly polarity, it will be charged automatically with the opposite sign.
As a result, there is current amplification. Did Edwin Gray use this principle in his device?. This a particular case of an asymmetrical transformer, for more details read the part about asymmetrical transformers.
No current will be produced in the load in any of these circuits, unless there is a ground connection. Is excitation possible with just a single spark??? If the circuit is excited by the very sharp, positive-only, DC voltage spike produced by a spark, then the impedances of Ra and Rc are not the same and there is a non-zero output.
Here is a possible alternative. Here is another possible arrangement. Here, the position of the output coil depends on L1 and L2: Draw a straight line from your chosen 30 kHz frequency purple line through your chosen nanofarad capacitor value and carry the line on as far as the blue inductance line as shown above. You can now read the reactance off the red line, which looks like 51 ohms to me.
This means that when the circuit is running at a frequency of 30 kHz, then the current flow through your nF capacitor will be the same as through a 51 ohm resistor. Reading off the blue "Inductance" line that same current flow at that frequency would occur with a coil which has an inductance of 0. Please note that a long wire is used and one-spark excitation, where additional capacitors are used to create non-symmetry??? By Don Smith Multi coil system for energy multiplication Version???
Power is fed via a spark gap which produces a very sharp square wave signal which contains every frequency in it. STEP 3 The output waveform from the L-C circuit is then manipulated to provide an output which oscillates at the frequency on the local mains supply 50 Hz or 60 Hz typically. STEP 4 Finally, the oscillations are smoothed by filtering to provide mains-frequency output power. As I see it, the main difference between the designs of Don Smith and Tariel Kapanadze is the inverter or modulator in the output circuit.
At mains frequency you need a huge transformer core in a powerful inverter. It is possible to use square waves instead of sine waves to ease the loading on the transistors. This method does not require a powerful transformer with a huge core in order to provide 50 Hz or 60 Hz.
There is no high-frequency high-voltage step-down transformer, but a step-down transformer is used for mains frequency which means that it will need a huge core. You must choose the load in order to get the maximum power output. Very low, and very high loads will give almost no energy in the load because the current flowing in the output circuit is restricted by the current flowing in the resonant circuit.
Back-EMF suppression. Excitation by a spark. In the first case, the problem for the oscillating circuit is to "create" an electromagnetic field which has a high intensity electrical component in ambient space. Ideally, it is only necessary for the high-voltage capacitor be fully charged once.
After that, if the circuit is lossless, then oscillation will be maintained indefinitely without the need for any further input power. Only a tiny amount of energy is needed to create such a "bait" Next, move the "bait" to one side of the circuit, the side which is the source of the charges Ground. The inherent parasitic capacitance of the circuit will be instantly charged, creating a voltage difference at the opposite ends of the circuit, which in turn causes spurious oscillations.
The energy contained in these oscillations is the energy gain which we want to capture and use. This energy powers the load. This very useful electromagnetic field containing our excess power oscillates in a direction which is perpendicular to the direction of oscillation of the "bait" field and because of this very important difference, the output power oscillations do not destroy it. This vital factor happens because the coil is wound with two opposing halves.
The parasitic oscillations gradually die out, passing all of their energy to the load. This energy-gaining process is repeated, spark by spark. The more often a spark occurs, the higher the excess power output will be. That is, the higher the spark frequency caused by a higher voltage across the spark gap , the higher the power output and the greater the efficiency of the process.
Hardly any additional "bait" energy is ever required. In the second case we must charge the capacitor circuit to an energy level higher than that of the source energy itself. At first glance, this appears to be an impossible task, but the problem is solved quite easily. Thus, the capacitor can reach a higher energy level than that of the source itself. It should be noted, that option 1 and option 2 above could be combined.
Their connections are shown in front. When constructing this arrangement there are many different options due to the various types of core which can be used for the coils: Air-core 2. A ferromagnetic bar core 3. A ferromagnetic toroidal core 4.
A transformer style ferromagnetic core. Tesla back in the 19th century. This energy generation is based on the asymmetrical process: Feed the total inductance LS with a current I 2. Then short-circuit one of the inductors say, L1 3.
Drain the energy from inductor L2 into a capacitor 4. Is it possible, using this method, to get twice the energy amount due to the asymmetry of the process, and if not, then what is wrong?
We need to start winding coils and performing tests. Each half-coil was turns not important , of 0. The total inductance LS is about 2 mH not important. A coil was wound on a toroidal ferromagnetic core with permeability not important. The total inductance LS is about 4 mH not important. The total inductance LS is about mH not important. All of the tests can be done with just the toroidal coil as the other coils have been shown to have the same properties.
You can repeat these tests and confirm this for yourself. The measurements taken: The total coil inductance LS was measured without short-circuited coils, the figure was recorded.
The L2 coil was then short-circuited and the inductance LS measured again and the result recorded.
Then, the results of the two measurements were compared. The inductance LS was unchanged to an accuracy of about a one percent. OPTION 2 A special set-up was used, consisting of an analogue oscilloscope, a digital voltmeter and a signal generator, to measure a voltage on the inductance LS without L2 being short-circuited and then with L2 short-circuited. After the measurements were made, all of the results were compared.
The order in which the measurements were taken The voltage on the resistor was measured using the oscilloscope and the voltage on the inductor was measured using the voltmeter. Readings were taken before and after short-circuiting L2.
The voltages remained unchanged to an accuracy of about one percent. Additional measurements Before the above measurements were taken, the voltages across L1 and L2 were measured. The voltage on both halves was a half of the voltage on the total inductor LS. The frequency of about 10 kHz was chosen because the coil did not have parasitic resonances at this frequency or at low frequencies.
All measurements were repeated using a coil with a ferromagnetic E-shaped transformer core. All of the results were the same. The objective was to match voltages on a capacitor, both before and after it being recharged by interaction with an inductor which could be connected into the circuit via a switch.
The experiment conditions A capacitor is charged from a battery and is connected to the inductor through the first diode included to give protection against oscillations.
If after recharging the capacitor the capacitor voltage is the same but with reversed polarity , then generation will have taken place because a half of the energy remains in the shunted half of the inductor. In theory, it is impossible, for an ordinary inductor consisting of two coils to do this. Test components: Russian D, charging voltage: Confirmation of the previous measurements a shown below: Also, a check measurement was made without the second diode. The result was essentially the same as the measurement which used the shunting diode.
The accuracy of capacitor recharging was improved to 5 percent due to the removal of the influence of the first diode. After the main capacitor was switched off by the diode , you can see oscillations caused by the spread capacitance of the inductors.
Based on the frequency of the oscillations which were 4 to 5 times higher than that of the main capacitor, one can estimate the spread capacitance as being 16 to 25 times lower than the main capacitor.
Still further testing Testing of the oscillation circuit shunting, with the two cases combined and without the first diode: